Scientific: Corvus corax

Cymraeg: Cigfran

A widespread, online if localised resident breeder; commoner in the uplands of the north and east.

1982
5 breeding pairs known in Llangennech-Pembrey belt. A “tame” individual, Cross Hands, 22-27 November.

1983
Flock of 21, Mynydd Isaf, Near Glanaman, 30 December.

1984
30+ at rubbish tip near Ammanford, 29 February c60, post Christmas, feeding, 31 December.

1985
Nest in a quarry near Drefach, held eggs 28 February.

1986
20, Mynydd Mallaen, 6 September; 35+, feeding, Llandyfran Rubbish Tip, Llandybie, 11 December.

1989
c40, Mynydd Du, 7 May.

1991
32 Ragwen Pt, 25 February.

1992
Two pairs bred on the Gwenffrwd/Dinas Reserve, but only 1 was successful rearing 3 young. Ten breeding pairs were counted during the Mynydd Du Survey, 5 on crags, the rest on trees. Most were in the Carmarthenshire part of Mynydd Du.
A group of 22 were seen at Blaenau, near Llandybie on 11th October.

1993
Pairs bred at Gwenffrwd/Dinas Reserve, Cwm Pedol, Cynghordy (2 pairs) and on `The Graig’, Pwll.

A scattering of other records, but 22 on the Tair Carn Ridge, Mynydd Du on 24th August and 20 near Llyn y Fan Fach on 3rd September are noteworthy.

1994
Noteworthy counts were 20 at Dryslwyn on 14th April, 12 over Mynydd Duon 14th September and 48 on the Tair Carn Ridge (Mynydd Du) on 26th September. Bred near Salem, where a young bird with an adult was seen in June.

1995
Three pairs were resident on the Gwenffrwd/Dinas Reserve. Over 40 were at a dump of sheep carcasses at Esgairdawe on 7th March.

1996
Four pairs bred on Mynydd Du. A flock of 24 was at Foel Fawr on 29th August.

1997
A group of 14 was noted at Garreg Lwyd on 9th April and 19 at Tair Carn Ridge on 10th August.

1998
Two pairs bred at Gwenffrwd. Notable gatherings on Mynydd Du were of 62 at Craig-y-sawrwg on 7th Augustand 24 at Garreg Lwyd on 5th September.

1999
A large gathering of 62 at Carn Goch on 24th January. Nests with young were found at Llanwrda in a pine tree on 26th May, Stradey Woods and Maesdulais Quarry, Drefach on 7th and 18th May respectively.

2000
A pair bred at Crwbin raising 3 young. Notable flocks were of 35 at Garreg Lwyd and 17 feeding on a sheep carcass on the Mynydd Du mountain road, both on 28th August, 15 at Cwmllwyd, Gwynfe on 25th October and 25 at Waunlwydfach 9th November.

2001
Regular sightings at Penclacwydd with 5 in August and 4 in December, 3 seen Upper Loughor in May.

2002
The 12th January found 11 ‘…thermalling with Lesser-black Backed Gulls…’ at Pwllau, Taliaris. A nest with young was located at Maesdulais quarry, Drefach on 24th April. Highest number observed was a remarkable 70+ at Craig Sawrwg, Mynydd Du, on 3rd September. Breeding was proved at Carnfadog and Llangynog quarries. Two counts, of 30 and 32 respectively, came from Garreg Lwyd on 16th August and Tair Carn Ridge on 18th September. 13 were over Beili-bedw, Llanddeusant on 5th September. Highest count at Penclacwydd was 4 in April.

2003
40 at Llanllwni on 31st March. A pair at nest, Dinas on 29th May. 25, Blaenllynfell, Mynydd Du on 12th July. 5 near Cam Pen-y-clogau on 18th October and 4, Brest Cwm Llwyd on 22nd. Penclacwydd regular sightings with highs of 5 in March and 4 in November.

Pairs bred: Camfadog Quarry, Mynydd Du; Gain Bica Quarry, Drefach – 3 young fledged: Llangynog Quarry – 5 young fledged, and Craig Carreg Cennen.

2004
Seven breeding pairs reported. A gathering of 28 Garreg Lwyd in August.

2005
Eight breeding pairs reported. At Mynydd Du 25 were together August 20th & September 17th.

2006
A late summer gathering of 20 at Garreg Lwyd August 29th. Four records of breeding pairs received.

2007
Only three breeding sites reported but there must be many more. Gatherings of 38 Garreg Lwyd July 7 and 20 Llyn y Fan Fawr August 17th.