Scientific: Falco tinnunculus

Cymraeg: Cudyll Coch

Now a scarce resident breeder occurring extremely locally throughout the county. It is most frequent where areas of rough pasture or heath afford cover to its principal prey species.

1988
Party of 5, Mynydd Llanybydder, 2 August.

1992
Breeding reports were received from Pembrey Forest and Pendine. At Penclacwydd a pair bred in a nest box, but the young were lost to bad weather.

1993
A pair bred at the derelict Morlais Colliery, Llangennech. Records of breeding would be welcomed.

1994
Two breeding records were received: from Cynnant, Cynghordy, in a year in which they were very scarce in neighbouring Breconshire; and in a derelict farmhouse at Llangennech. Kestrels were noted in every month of the year at Penclacwydd, but did not breed there.

1995
An adult carrying food in Carmel Woods was the only confirmation of breeding but pairs were noted in suitable habitat at Rhandirmwyn, Pendine and Penclacwydd. More breeding records would be appreciated.

1996
Pairs were noted in the breeding season in the Gwenffrwd/Dinas area and at Cefn Padrig. At Penclacwydd a pair prospected the next boxes but again no proof of breeding was obtained. Records of birds during the breeding season are much appreciated.

1997
An encouraging number of breeding records was received for this declining species. Breeding success was however low, with only 4 young being raised by the 3 pairs which were proved to be successful. There were records of birds at 14 other sites, at least 6 of which resulted in failure or non-breeding. Please continue to report all breeding season records.

1998
A pair raised 2 young at Derlwyn Isaf another pair fledged 2 young at Crag Clyngwyn, and finally a third pair raised 2 young at Penclacwydd. Two other pairs were recorded at Bwlchyrhiw and Pembrey, the former of which nested but where the breeding success was unknown. Also recorded in the breeding season at 4 other sites namely Middleton Hall, Rhydcymerau, Cynheidre and Pontarsais.

1999
Breeding season records were received from Penclacwydd (where two pairs each raised two young), Middleton Hall, Pembrey, Taliaris, Llyn Llech Owain, Trapp and Brynamman. Other hovering birds were regularly encountered elsewhere over urban-edge rough ground in the Llanelli area. No records were received from Rhandirmwyn, and Kestrels are no longer seen in the breeding season at Dryslwyn and Broad Oak.

2000
Bred at Penclacwydd and a pair held territory and probably bred at Llangynog Quarry. An adult was on Mynydd Llanfihangel-rhos-y-corn in the autumn and a female was at Cwmllwyd, Gwynfe on 23rd December. All records of this species would be appreciated.

2001
Breeding season records continue to be at a premium, a single being at Ashpits Pond on 20th May, while a pair summered at Pembrey Burrows. 2 were fighting at Carreg Cennen on 30th April. A pair raised 3 young at Penclacwydd, maximum counts of five in January and four in February, March, May, June and July.

2002
As usual recently, most records came from at or near the coast and at relatively high altitudes inland. Only three bucked the trend: 1 at Glan Ddu on 19th January; a female, drifting north-east over Pwllau, Taliaris on 22nd and 1 at Pibwrlwyd on 26th November. Two breeding reports were received: from Penclacwydd, where 3 young were fledged, and Llangynog, the eventual fate of the young there not being known. Additionally, it is possible that a pair seen on several occasions near the Carmarthenshire border at the west end of the Roman road, Trecastle, may breed in the county. 2 – a pair? – were at Garreg Lwyd on 24th April. A ‘…probable pair…’ was at Morfa Bychan on 18th June. Others, all singles, were: a female at Telpyn Point on 18th February; Pendine on 27th May; Pen y Ddinas on 9th June: Machynys on 9th July; Brest Cwm Llwyd on 11th September; Garreg Lywd on 18th September; Craig Derlwyn on 21th; Llanllwni Mountain on 22nd; near Garreg Fraith on 24th October and Cwm Celyn Farm, Tâf estuary on 4th November. Best months at Penclacwydd were 6 in August and 5 in September.

2003
All records were: a female at Kidwelly on 19th February; a pair at Llangynog quarry on 15th April; a pair at Craig Carreg Cennen on 23rd April; a pair with an unspecified number of fledged young at (Ginst Point on 5th August; a maximum of 2 at Mynydd Llanybydder, on 16th September a female at Sifigwm Plantation. Brechfa Forestry on 21st and 23rd September: an unsexed bird at Kidwelly on 27th September: a pair at Rhydcymerau on 2nd and 12th October: an unsexed bird at Salem on 5th October and 3 females at Mynydd Llanliwni on 10th October. The rest, all unsexed, all singles unless stated otherwise, were at: Rhos Wen on 14th October; 2 near Ffairfach on 18th October: Llwyndrissi Forest on 12th November: Ffosddu on 15th November; Pembrey on 21st November: between Pen-s -bane and Broad Oak on 24th November and 10th December; Broad Oak on 21st December and, lastly. 2 near Ashpits Pond on 29” December.

A pair fledged 3 young at Penclacwydd, ones and twos each month all year apart from four in June.

2004
Recorded from 11 localities. Juveniles were heard calling at Gilman Point on June 25th. A pair fledged 3 young at Penclacwydd.

2005
Reported from 9 localities and probably bred at Kidwelly and Ragwen Point. A pair reared 4 young at Penclacwydd.

2006
Away from coastal areas this is now a rare species so one at Dryslwyn Bridge January 3rd and another at Taliaris December 2nd are notable. Probably bred at Penclacwydd and noted there regularly.

2007
Now very scarce in the county apart from the coastal region. One pair raised 2 young at Penclacwydd.