Scientific: Branta canadensis

Cymraeg: Gwydd Canada

Introduced species with breeding populations at Glanaman and Newcastle Emlyn.

Resident flock on River Teifi at Newcastle Emlyn, 24, 28 August; 19, Maesycrugiau, 18 September; 2, Burry Port, 20 November, presumed the semi-feral pair at Pownd Twym (Old Castle Pond), Llanelli. 1, Llandovery, 25 March.

The semi-feral flock on the River Teifi, usually between Newcastle Emlyn and Dolgoy (joint Carmarthenshire/Cardiganshire) maintained at c.20. 2 feral birds at Pownd Twym (Old Castle Pond), Llanelli.

Regular semi-feral flock, River Teifi, Newcastle Emlyn (joint county), 12 adults consisting of 7, a single and a pair, 28 April. 1 pair with 5 juvs, 17 June, 14 there, 13 December.

11 adults, Newcastle Emlyn, 14 April, 2, 23 September. 23 on 21 December; 5, Tywi estuary, 21 April, 2 on 20 June.

22, River Teifi, Newcastle Emlyn (joint county), 25 January; 9, 17 August, 23 on 17 February, 15 mainly paired, 28 April, 17 December. 8, Pembrey Country Park, 9 May.

15, mostly paired, River Teifi, Newcastle Emlyn (joint county), 31 March, 28 there, 16 August. A hybrid or possibly an escaped blue phase Lesser Snow Goose, with this flock, 6 February, had apparently been present for c2 months. 3 pairs, semi-feral at Trecynllaith Fish Ponds, Glanaman, raised 9 young; this flock increased to 19 by end of year.

Semi-feral flock, 21 adults, Trecynllaith, Glanaman, raised 16 young, . Similar flock, River Teifi, Newcastle Emlyn (joint county), 12, 13 April. 13, Upper Tâf estuary, 21 February and 13 March. 1, Cwmffrwd, 17 April.

22 goslings in 5 broods, River Teifi, Newcastle Emlyn (joint county), 21 May, also bred Trecynllaith Fish Ponds, Glanaman, 16 there, 4 May. 84, Newcastle Emlyn, 14 February, c80, mid December. 9 flying North-east over Penygroes, 17 January; 9 Dinefwr Ponds, 28 November.

4, Llyn Pencarreg, 17 March, 3 between 9-16 April. 126, River Teifi meadows, Pentrecagal, 7 November. 25, Upper Brynaman, 26 December.

20 adults Tre-cynllath, Glanaman, raised 12 young; 36 probably this flock, near Ammanford 21 February. 3 Ffairfach, March. 64 of the Teifiside flock below Newcastle Emlyn 26 February, 102 Aberarad 30 December. Elsewhere 30 Laugharne Burrows 2nd; 24 River Tywi, Idole 4-11 July.

No counts were received from Glanaman whilst counts at Newcastle Emlyn were 20 on 20th March and 90 on 28th October. Small numbers were seen at 3 other sites; Pembrey Airfield: 12 on 31st January, Ginst Point: 3 on 30th March and Dinefwr Ponds: 3 on 7th April.

The British population was surveyed in 1992 and was shown to be in excess of 60,000 birds and still increasing. Several councils around the country have already taken control measures to stop the trend of these supposedly problematic birds. Fortunately in Carmarthenshire the species has only two relatively small populations; on the Teifi at Newcastle Emlyn, where the maximum count for the year was 117 on 14th December, and at Glanaman, where 30 birds were seen flying over on 14th October. The only other count from Newcastle Emlyn was of 30 birds on 5th May.

Two records of single birds came from the Sandy Water Park on 6th March and Witchett Pool on 27th July to 16th August, where a flock of 19 flew over on 12th August.

A pair with 4 young on a pond at Blaen Bargoed Rhos on 8th June probably originated from the flock at nearby Newcastle Emlyn. A pair at Penclacwydd on 19th April were the first to be recorded at the centre.

There were 160 at Newcastle Emlyn on 12th December. The only other records were of 2 at Dryslwyn on 19th February; 3 at Tygwyn Pond, Ffairfach on 3rd March; 6 at Coed Farm on 18th March; 2 at Llyn Pencarreg on 14th April; 1 at Penclacwydd on 17th and 22nd April and 3 at Llwyndrissi Trout Pool, Alltwalis in summer.

Counts from Newcastle Emlyn were of 140 on 14th February and 160 on 8th December. Elsewhere there was 1 at Llyn Pencarreg on 9th March and 7 on 5th April; 3 at Penclacwydd from 23rd – 26th April and 1 from 13th May – August; 6 at Banc-y-Lord on 4th May and 12 at Witchett Pool on 13th November.

Counts at Newcastle Emlyn were of 142 on 12th January, 150 in February and 200 in October.

Other records included 2 at Dryslwyn on 8th March; 4 at Dinefwr Ponds on 6th April, 2 at Llyn Pencarreg on 9th, 5 at Rhosmaen on 26th, 2 at Garnffrwd Fishery in spring. and 1 at Penclacwydd on 22nd October.

The Newcastle Emlyn flock numbered 250 in the autumn. At Llyn Pencarreg counts were of 2 on 19th February, 5 on 28th March, 1 on both 8th April and 1st May and 8 on 20th June. Other records were of 78 at Aberarad on 4th March, 5 over Rhydcymerau on 12th March, with 2 over there on 5th April and of 8 at Cynghordy on 30th December.

The only count from Newcastle Emlyn was of 216 on 5th December. Other records were of 10 at Cilsan Bridge on 31st March, 1 at Machynys Pond on 8th April and 4 at Penclacwydd on 7th April.

Counts from Dinefwr Ponds were of 14 on 18th March and 16th April and 2nd May and 8 on 10th August. There was 1 at Penclacwydd on 9th and 25th April and 2 at Burry Port on 9th June. There were 2 at Ginst Point in January and on the Tâf Estuary there were 4 in March and 2 in August and October.

There are breeding populations at Glanaman and Newcastle Emlyn. Showing signs of expansion. 3rd January produced the first record, of 3 at Llandilo-abercowin. In February there were 3 at Laugharne on 17th and 2 at Dryslwyn on 19th. March had three records: a pair by the Golf Course Pond, Machynys on 8th: 5 at Ffosddu on 10th and 28 at Dryslwyn on 28th. 3 were at Cynnant on 10th May. This was the first record for this site. At Penclacwydd records were: 2 on 2nd March: 2 between 4th April and 23rd May and 8 between 2nd and 23rd August.

2 at Llyn Pencarreg on 19th January was the first record of the year. 20 at Dryslwyn on 28th February: 2 at Penclacwydd on 11th April; 2.8 at Dinefwr Ponds on 23th April; 5 at Kidwelly on 12th May and 9 at Cilsan Bridge on 23th May represent other sites visited. They bred, but the young were subsequently predated or abandoned and died, at Ffosddu.

A maximum at Dryslwyn of 30 was logged on 16th February. On the same day 9 were counted at Talley Lakes. Cilsan had 2 on 24th February. In the spring 25 counted at Dinefwr Ponds; 12 at Kidwelly, 3 pair at Rhydcymerau and 62 at Typicca, on l4th and 20th April, 1st May and l2th August respectively, were the other non breeding records. Breeding was reported from the National Botanic Garden of Wales, with 2 adults and 6 goslings seen on 11th May, and Ffosddu where, in the end, a lone adult succeeded in raising 3 young, flying off on 5th August.

53 at Dryslwyn was the largest group reported with 41 on the Tâf in November.

Two at Kidwelly May 15th and in the Tywi Valley 27 Dryslwyn January 10th, 50 Dryslwyn March 21st, 35 Dinefwr August 20th, 90 Cilsan Bridge December 9th and 105 there December 27th. Highest counts on the Tâf were 72 in September, 80 in November and 65 in December.

The Tywi valley is the main site for this species with a max. recorded of 173 at Dryslwyn Bridge February 19th. Smaller numbers were reported from Penclacwydd, Sandy Water Park and the Loughor estuary.

The Twyi Valley seems to be the stronghold for this species where breeding has taken place. 175 Dryslwyn January l3th, 102 Ty Picca January 30th, 175 at Cilsan Bridge December 13th and 119 there December 26th. Highest counts on the Tâf were 86 in November and 79 in December.