Scientific: Cinclus cinclus

Cymraeg: Bronwen y Dŵr

A resident breeder on swift-flowing, mostly upland streams.

1982
Pair nesting at sea level, Pwll.

1984
1 territorial pair Dinas, 1, Gwenffrwd Reserve.

1985
3 territorial pairs Dinas, 2, Gwenffrwd.

1986
3 pairs, Rhandirmwyn reserves, as in previous years, success unknown. Singles, Upper Lliedi Reservoir, January and October; near Cydweli, November/December.

1987
Present b.s., Rhandirmwyn (3 pairs), Llanwrda, Nantgaredig, Pentre Morgan, Meidrim and Llandyfaelog. 2, Upper Lliedi Reservoir, March.

1988
Breeding pairs on the upper River Tywi and tributaries were surveyed. 1 Llangadog, had been ringed. Red on right leg, blue and grey on left leg, 27 July.

1990
A pair nested under a waterfall, below a Kestrel’s nest in a disused quarry near Llanglydwen, 22 April.

1992
The only breeding record received was of a pair at Betws bridge, Ammanford. Two pairs were seen at Gwenffrwd/Dinas Reserve, but with no sign of any young.

1993
At least one breeding pair was recorded on every half mile stretch of the Gwili between Bronwydd and Carmarthen. Two pairs fledged 2 young at Gwenffrwd/Dinas Reserve.

1994
Recorded as breeding on the R. Cothi (Pontynyswen), Dulais (Llanwrda), Tywi (Llandeilo), Brân (Llangadog) and 3 nests on the Cennen(Derwydd-Ffairfach); all under railway or iron girder bridges. Also bred on the Afon Cych, where an adult was on 4 eggs on 10th May, near Soar, Taliaris, at Cwm Canol, Esgairdawe. Reported as present during breeding season at Llanglydwen and at Abernant. A pair on the Gwenffrwd/Dinas Reserve fledged 2 young.
The only winter records submitted were of 2 at Betws Bridge on 2nd November and 3 at the Upper Lliedi Reservoir on 25th December.

1995
Breeding records were of 3 pairs on the Gwenffrwd/Dinas Reserve and single pairs on the Gwendraeth Fawr at Pontyberem, Upper Lliedi Reservoir, on the Lliedi at Felinfoel, on the Dafen (below Dafen Pond) and on the Morlais between Pont Morlais and Allt and at Allt. An individual was found frozen (but unmarked) along a roadside at Burry Port during cold weather on 30th December.

1996
Breeding records were of 4 pairs on the Gwenffrwd/Dinas Reserve, with single pairs on the river Dulais, Taliaris and on the Tawe near Esgairdawe. The survey of Mynydd Du revealed a total 6 pairs on the upper reaches of several rivers.

1997
Three pairs were resident on the Gwenffrwd/Dinas Reserve in the breeding season and also 3 pairs on the upper Cothi river system. Pairs were also at Cwmpengraig and Cwm Duad on 16th April.

1998
Pairs Afon Tyweli and Afon Talog 17th March.

Four pairs bred on the Gwenffrwd Reserve with single pairs on the Upper Lliedi, Afon Tyweli (Pencader), Afon Talog (Llanllwni), Afon Teifi (Pont Tyweli), Afon Cothi (Edwinsford), Afon Myddyfi (Pentrefelin), Afon Dulas (Cwrt Henry) and the Dulais (Taliaris).

1999
Breeding records came from the following locations: – Cynghordy, where 2 nests 500 metres apart had only 3 adults involved, 2 females and 1 male (polygamy), with broods of 3 and 4 young raised. Breeding was also confirmed at Coed Pont Felin-gat (Llanarthne) on the Afon Gwynon where a nest was found at a waterfall. Other evidence for breeding came from the Afon Cothi at Edwinsford and the Afon Dulais at Taliaris. There were also records from the coastal strip in the south- East with a single bird on the Afon Lliedi at Felinfoel on 3rd May and a pair on the Afon Dyfatty at Burry Port on 22nd February.

2000
One was noted at Cwmllwyd, Gwynfe on 18th February and another was nest-building on the Afon Dulais (North-east of Taliaris) on 14th March; a bird which flew into the side of a garden shed at Pwllau, Taliaris was uninjured and the 1st to be recorded at this site. One was observed on the stream near Cwm Capel, Burry Port on 25th August

2001
The first bird of the year, with nestbuilding material – on 26th March – and a few days later actually building a nest – on 30th – was seen on the river Dulais, Taliaris. On April 15th there was a territorial pair on the river Dulais, below Cwmbach. An adult and 2 juveniles were noted at Ty Isaf, Pentrepoeth on 5th May. At Cwm Twrch there was a breeding pair on 29th June. There were 2 birds on the River Seidi, Pentrecwrt on 9th July. The last report of the year concerned a single near Porthrhyd, on a slow moving stream in improved pasture, on 16th November.

2002
A pair bred on the Afon Sychlwch, below Llyn y Fan Fach, young seen being fed on 25th April. 29th April: 1 noted on the Afon Dulais, Taliaris. A pair by the Afon Cwm Mawr, Stradey Woods on 5th May. During a torrential downpour on 18th May a bird appeared outside the front door of Ffosddu, mistaking a ditch overflow for a stream! 1 was at Abergwili on 15th June; 1 on the Afon Gwili, near Forge Quarry on 26th September and 3 at the Oxbows in Dinefwr Park, on 12th October. There has been a decline over 20 years on the Afon Bran at Cynghordy: only one pair nesting this year compared with up to 4-5 pairs previously.

2003
1 at the Upper Lliedi Reservoir on 4th January. 2 at a nest site, on the Afon Dulais. Taliaris on 10th February. Singles near Pontantwn and at Pentrefelin, both on 16th February. A pair at a nest with 4 eggs found at Graig, Burry Port on 9th April. A pair of fledglings or the Afon Cennen. Carreg Cennen on 14th. 2, Abergorlech. 21st and bred Cwmdu. A pair on the Afon Sychlwch, Mynydd Du on 26th June. A juvenile, ‘…presumed dispersing as no indication of breeding nearby…’ at Rhydcymerau.

2004
A pair nested in Afon Cywyn March 3rd as probably did a pair in Afon Dulais, Taliaris May 8th. Singles at River Lliedi, Old Castle Road, Llanelli January 24th and Cwm Capel, Nant Dyfatty December 18th. At Cynghordy a pair failed but another at Gwydderig fledged 5 young.

2005
Seven nests reported from Abergwili, Nantgaredig, Cynghordy (2), Pontfelingat and on the Gwydderig. One carrying food at Edwinsford March 23rd. Juveniles noted at Penybanc June 25th and Llandeilo July 12th. Singles at Abergwili February 6th, Cressely Arms September 3rd and Kidwelly Quay September 10th.

2006
Reported from only 6 sites where breeding behaviour was noted. One was on the River Loughor January 21st.

2007
Birds holding territory and displaying breeding behaviour were received from 16 localities. The year was not productive at least early on with many birds deserting at the egg stage. Luckily most were producing second cluthches so all may have been well.